December 1 National Day Calendar with a complete list of National Days in December and on the day December 1st.
- AIDS AWARENESS DAY
- WORLD AIDS DAY [UN]
- NFL GAME DAY [WEEK 13]
- ROSA PARKS DAY
- NATIONAL PIE DAY
- THEATRE DAY
- EAT A RED APPLE DAY
- 1135, KING HENRY I, ENGLAND’S first literate monarch, died after 35 years of rule. SECOND CRUSADE
- 1145, in a papal bull, POPE EUGENE III proclaimed the SECOND HOLY CRUSADE to be led by HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR CONRAD III and FRENCH KING LOUIS VII. The CRUSADE from 1147-1149, failed to accomplish its goal.
- 1167, the LOMBARD LEAGUE, with member cities from northern ITALY, was founded.
- 1492, CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS discovered HISPANIOLA — the island now shared by HAITI and the DOMINICAN REPUBLIC.
- 1640, PORTUGAL regained its independence from SPAIN.
- 1641, MASSACHUSETTS became the first colony to give statutory acceptance to slavery.
- 1764, the FRENCH government abolished the JESUIT order in FRANCE.
- 1783, in PARIS, JACQUES ALEXANDEER CESAR CHARLES and MARIE-NOEL ROBERT ascended in the first hydrogen- balloon flight. The two-hour journey traveled 43 kilometers and reached a height of 600 meters.
- 1822, DOM PEDRO was crowned the emperor of BRAZIL.
HOUSE BEGAN ELECTION OF ADAMS
- 1824, the HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES began selection of a new president. JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, HENRY CLAY, ANDREW JACKSON, and WILLIAM CRAWFORD had deadlocked in presidential- election returns. With no electoral majority, the HOUSE finally selected ADAMS when CLAY threw him his support.
- 1831, due to extremely cold weather, the ERIE CANAL began a month-long shutdown.
- 1835, storyteller HANS CHRISTIAN ANDERSEN published his first collection of fairy tales.
- 1842, the U-S NAVY hanged PHILIP SPENCER, the first naval officer condemned for mutiny.
- 1878, for the PRESIDENT HAYES’ administration, ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL personally installed the first WHITE HOUSE telephone.
“STUDY IN SCARLET” FIRST PUBLISHED
- 1887, ARTHUR CONAN DOYLE’S “SHERLOCK HOLMES” first appeared in print in “A STUDY IN SCARLET”. DOYLE received 25 ENGLISH pounds for its publication in “BEETON’S CHRISTMAS ANNUAL”. The same day, CHINA recognized PORTUGAL’S control in MACAO.
- “GREAT TRAIN ROBBERY”
- 1903, the EDISON COMPANY released the pioneer silent-film, “THE GREAT TRAIN ROBBERY” (VIDEO). Although only 12 minutes long, it suggested the direction in which the art of filmmaking was heading.
- 1906, in PARIS, CHARLES PATHÉ opened his CINEMA OMNIA PATHÉ, considered the world’s first luxury cinema.
- 1909, the PENNSYLVANIA TRUST COMPANY of CARLISLE, PENNSYLVANIA, offered customers the country’s first CHRISTMAS club.
- 1913, GREECE annexed the island of CRETE.
- 1918, TRANSYLVANIA, a province of HUNGARY, voted to become part of ROMANIA. The same day, the DANISH parliament passed legislation that granted ICELAND its independence.
- “GREAT TRAIN ROBBERY”
- 1924, the GEORGE and IRA GERSHWIN musical, “LADY BE GOOD” starring FRED and ADELE ASTAIRE, opened at the LIBERTY THEATRE in NEW YORK for a run of 330 performances. The same day, ALLEMAN, IOWA, held the first NATIONAL CORNHUSKERS CHAMPIONSHIP.
- 1929, RKO released an early film- musical “THE VAGABOND LOVER” (VIDEO), starring RUDY VALLEE, SALLY BLANE, and MARIE DRESSLER.
- 1930, the NATIONAL HOCKEY LEAGUE rescinded its twenty-minute, head-slashing penalty.
- 1936, YALE’S LARRY KELLEY won football’s HEISMAN TROPHY.
- 1937, JAPAN recognized SPAIN’S FRANCO government.
- 1940, MGM released the film-comedy “THE PHILADELPHIA STORY”, starring CARY GRANT, KATHARINE HEPBURN, JAMES STEWART, and RUTH HUSSEY.
“PHILADELPHIA STORY” RELEASED
CIVIL AIR PATROL CREATED
- 1941, the OFFICE OF CIVIL DEFENSE created the UNITED STATES CIVIL AIR PATROL. The same day, the musical “SONS O’ FUN” opened at the WINTER GARDEN THEATRE in NEW YORK for a run of 742 performances.
- 1942, MGM released the GEORGE CUKOR film, “KEEPER OF THE FLAME”, starring SPENCER TRACY and KATHARINE HEPBURN. The same day, gasoline rationing began in the UNITED STATES.
- 1943, the film-musical “MEET ME IN ST. LOUIS” (VIDEO), starring JUDY GARLAND, began production.
- 1944, the future-parents of the OSMOND BROTHERS (“CRAZY HORSES”), GEORGE and OLIVE, tied the knot.
- 1945, DUKE ELLINGTON recorded “I’M BEGINNING TO SEE THE LIGHT” for RCA VICTOR.
- 1948, MGM released the JOHN FORD film-western “3 GODFATHERS”, starring JOHN WAYNE, PEDRO ARMENDARIZ, HARRY CAREY, JR., WARD BOND, MAE MARSH, and MILDRED NATWICK.
- 1951, high winds closed the GOLDEN GATE BRIDGE. The same day, PRINCETON’S DICK KAZMAIER won the HEISMAN TROPHY.
“3 GODFATHERS” RELEASED FIRST “PLAYBOY”
- 1953, with the DECEMBER edition, HUGH HEFFNER published the first issue of “PLAYBOY”. The same day, WALTER ALSTON became the manager of the BROOKLYN DODGERS; the WASHINGTON SENATORS traded JACKIE JENSEN to the BOSTON RED SOX.
- 1955, black-seamstress ROSA PARKS refused to surrender her seat to a white man on a MONTGOMERY, ALABAMA, bus. Her subsequent arrest sparked a year-long black boycott of public transportation.
ROSA PARKS ARRESTED
- 1956, the LEONARD BERNSTEIN musical, “CANDIDE”, opened at the MARTIN BECK THEATRE in NEW YORK for a run of 73 performances. The same day, FRANK ROBINSON and LUIS APARICIO won the NATIONAL LEAGUE and AMERICAN LEAGUE “ROOKIE OF THE YEAR” awards, respectively.
- 1957, on his SUNDAY-night television show, ED SULLIVAN gave BUDDY HOLLY AND THE CRICKETS (“THAT’LL BE THE DAY”), the RAYS (“SILHOUETTES”), and SAM COOKE (“YOU SEND ME”) their national-television debuts.
- 1958, RODGERS and HAMMERSTEIN’S musical, “FLOWER DRUM SONG”, directed by dancer GENE KELLY, opened at the ST. JAMES THEATRE in NEW YORK for a run of 600 performances.
“FLOWER DRUM SONG” OPENED
- 1958, “TO KNOW HIM IS TO LOVE HIM” by the TEDDY BEARS became the nation’s number-one single.“ANTARCTICA TREATY”
- 1959, signing the “ANTARCTICA TREATY OF 1959”, 42 nations, including the UNITED STATES, agreed to create an ANTARCTIC scientific preserve. The same day, LSU quarterback BILLY CANNON won the 25TH HEISMAN TROPHY; and a “THOR” missile, launched from CAPE CANAVERAL, snapped the first color photo of the EARTH from outer space . NASA recovered the capsule containing the camera on FEBRUARY 16, 1960, on the beach at MAYAGUANA ISLAND in the BAHAMAS.
- 1960, singer BOBBY DARIN (“ARTIFICIAL FLOWERS”) wed actress SANDRA DEE.
- 1961, UNITED ARTISTS released the STANLEY KRAMER film, “JUDGMENT AT NUREMBERG”, starring SPENCER TRACY, BURT LANCASTER, RICHARD WIDMARK, MARLENE DIETRICH, MAXIMILIAN SCHELL, JUDY GARLAND, and MONTGOMERY CLIFT.
- 1964, in baseball, the HOUSTON COLT.45’S changed their name to the HOUSTON ASTROS.W-W-V MOVED TO
- 1966, the radio time-signal WWV moved from GREENBELT, MARYLAND, to FORT COLLINS, COLORADO.
- 1967, the AMERICAN LEAGUE awarded PACIFIC NORTHWEST SPORTS an expansion franchise.
“PROMISES, PROMISES” OPENED
- 1968, the BURT BACHARACH-HAL DAVID musical, “PROMISES, PROMISES” (AUDIO), with book by NEIL SIMON, opened at the SHUBERT THEATRE in NEW YORK for a run of 1,281 performances.
- 1969, the UNITED STATES held its first draft lottery since the end of WORLD WAR II.“TWO GENTLEMEN
- 1971, TWO GENTLEMEN OF VERONA” opened at the ST. JAMES THEATRE in NEW YORK for a run of 614 performances. The same day, APPLE RECORDS released JOHN LENNON’S “HAPPY CHRISTMAS (WAR IS OVER)” in the UNITED STATES.
- 1973, JACK NICKLAUS became the first PGA golfer to win $2-million in career earnings. The same day, DAVID BEN-GURION, a founding father of ISRAEL, died at 87 in TEL AVIV; and AUSTRALIA granted self-government to PAPUA NEW GUINEA.
- 1975, singer BETTE MIDLER (“FRIENDS”) received an emergency appendectomy on her birthday. The same day, PRESIDENT GERALD FORD began a state visit to the PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA; and A&M RECOREDS released the album “EQUINOX” (“LORELEI”) by the rock-group STYX.
- 1980, SOUTH CAROLINA running-back GEORGE ROGERS won the HEISMAN TROPHY. The U-S JUSTICE DEPARTMENT began a racial-discrimination suit against the city of YONKERS, NEW YORK.
- 1982, CBS RECORDS released MICHAEL JACKSON’S “THRILLER” album (AUDIO). Retailing over 45-million copies, it became the biggest-selling album of all time.
- 1984, BOSTON COLLEGE quarterback DOUG FLUTIE won the 50TH HEISMAN TROPHY. The same day in a WBA heavyweight-title bout, GREG PAGE ko’d GERRIE COETZEE in the eighth round.
- 1986, bandleader HORACE HEIDT (“ONCE IN AWHILE”) died at 85; former DETROIT LIONS’ quarterback BOBBY LAYNE died at 59; and singer LEE DORSEY (“YA YA”) died at 59.CHUNNEL CONSTRUCTION
- 1987, construction work began on the ENGLISH CHANNEL TUNNEL (aka the CHUNNEL), which would link ENGLAND and FRANCE.
- 1988, PAKISTAN’S new prime minister, BENAZIR BHUTTO, became the first woman to head a MOSLEM nation. The same day, NBC TELEVISION bid $401-million for exclusive rights to broadcast the 1992 BARCELONA OLYMPICS.
- 1989, POPE JOHN PAUL II gave audience to MIKHAIL GORBACHEV. The same day, MARK LANGSTON inked a $3.2-million contract with the CALIFORNIA ANGELS.
DETMER WON HEISMAN
- 1990, BRIGHAM YOUNG quarterback TY DETMER won the HEISMAN TROPHY.
- 1991, “SANTA BARBARA” became the first AMERICAN soap opera to air on RUSSIAN television. The same day, the musical “ONCE ON THIS ISLAND” closed at the BOOTH THEATRE in NEW YORK after a run 469 performances.
- 1992, AMY FISHER was sentenced to five-15 years for shooting MARY JO BUTTAFUOCO.
- 1994, former PTL-leader JIM BAKKER was released from prison.FRENCH WON
- 1996, FRANCE beat SWEDEN, 3-2, to win the 85TH DAVIS CUP. The same day, the DISNEY-film “101 DALMATIONS”, starring GLENN CLOSE, grossed more that $45-million at the box office during its first weekend in theatres.RARE PLANET ALIGNMENT
- 1997, eight planets of the SOLAR SYSTEM appeared in line from WEST to EAST, beginning with PLUTO, then MERCURY, MARS, VENUS, NEPTUNE, URANUS, JUPITER, and SATURN. This rare alignment lasted until DECEMBER EIGHTH.
- 1998, EXXON announced its deal to acquire MOBIL for $73.7-billion, creating EXXON-MOBIL, the world’s largest company.
- 1999, an international team of scientists announced it had mapped an entire human chromosome.
- 2000, in the ongoing battle for the presidency, the U-S SUPREME COURT heard arguments on GEORGE W. BUSH’S appeal regarding a FLORIDA-recount deadline. The same day, ending 71-years of one-party domination, VICENTE FOX became president of MEXICO.
- 2001, landing in ST. LOUIS, TWA made its final commercial flight (“#220” piloted by CAPTAIN BILL COMPTON) after the airline had been purchased by AMERICAN AIRLINES.
- 2002, baseball-player DAVE MCNALLY died at 60 in BILLINGS, MONTANA.
- 2004, veteran-newsman TOM BROKAW anchored his last “NBC NIGHTLY NEWS”.“COLOR PURPLE” OPENED
- 2005, “THE COLOR PURPLE”, a musical based on the SPIELBERG film, opened at the BROADWAY THEATRE in NEW YORK for a run of 910 performances.
- 2006, MEXICAN PRESIDENT FELIPE CALDERON declared war against drug traffickers.
- 2009, the constitutional basis of the EUROPEAN UNION took effect.
- Museum-Founder MARIE TUSSAUD (1761)
- Author REX STOUT (1886)
- Actor CYRIL RITCHARD (1897)
- Baseball-Manager WALTER ALSTON (1911)
- Singer-Actress MARY MARTIN (1913)
- Baseball-Player MARTY MARION (1916)
- Actor DICK SHAWN (1923)
- Singer MATT MONRO (1932)
- Singer LOU RAWLS (1933)
- Comedian-Actor RICHARD PRYOR (1940)
- Admiral STANSFIELD TURNER IS 90
- Singer BILLY PAUL is 79
- Actor WOODY ALLEN is 78
- Drummer SANDY NELSON is 75
- Golfer LEE TREVINO is 74
- Singer DIANNE LENNON is 74
- Musician ERIC BLOOM of BLUE OYSTER CULT is 69
- Drummer JOHN DENSMORE of the DOORS is 69
- Actress-Singer BETTE MIDLER is 68
- Singer GILBERT O’SULLIVAN (“ALONE AGAIN NATURALLY) is 67
- Baseball-Player GEORGE FOSTER is 65
- Actor TREAT WILLIAMS is 62
- Actress CHARLENE TILTON is 55
- Actress-Model CAROL ALT is 53
- Actor JEREMY NORTHAM is 52
- Baseball-Player LARRY WALKER is 47
- Baseball-Player REGGIE SANDERS is 46
- Actress GOLDEN BROOKS is 43
- Comedian-Actress SARAH SILVERMAN is 43
- Actor RON MELENDEZ is 41
- Singer SARAH MASEN is 39
- Musician BRAD DELSON is 31
- Actress ASHLEY MONIQUE CLARK is 25
- Japanese-Princess TOSHI is 12