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August 1 National Day

August 1 National Day calendar complete with August 1st food holidays.

 

  • 30 BC, OCTAVIAN (soon to be EMPEROR AUGUSTUS) captured ALEXANDRIA, EGYPT, placing it in the control of ROME.
  • 527 AD, JUSTINIAN 1 became the lone ruler of the BYZANTINE EMPIRE.
    SWITZERLAND CONFEDERATED 
  • 1291, by tradition, this is the date the SWISS founded their confederation — the EVERLASTING LEAGUE.
  • 1461, EDWARD IV ascended the ENGLISH throne.
  • 1498, CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS arrived at VENEZUELA, which he called “ISLA SANTA”.
  • 1619, the first AFRICAN-AMERICANS (as slaves) arrived at JAMESTOWN, VIRGINIA.
  • 1628, HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR FERDINAND II demanded AUSTRIAN PROTESTANTS convert to CATHOLICISM.
    GEORGE I BECAME KING  
    • 1714, upon the death of QUEEN ANNE, the ELECTOR OF HANOVER, GEORGE LUDWIG, became KING GEORGE I of ENGLAND. He was the first of the HANOVER line to rule BRITAIN.
    • 1716, the first rowing (sculling) race took place on the THAMES RIVER between LONDON and CHELSEA.
    • 1732, the foundation was laid for the BANK OF ENGLAND.
    • 1759, in the SEVEN YEARS WAR, BRITISH and HANOVERIAN troops defeated the FRENCH army at the “BATTLE OF MINDEN”.
    • 1774, chemist JOSEPH PRIESTLEY became the first to isolate oxygen, which he called “dephlogisticated air”.

     “BATTLE OF MINDEN”  

  • 1781, the ENGLISH forces of GENERAL LORD CORNWALLIS occupied YORKTOWN, VIRGINIA.
  • 1789, SWEDEN declared its neutrality in EUROPEAN affairs.
  • 1790, the first census revealed that NEW YORK CITY’S population had reached 33,000. The same census placed the national population at 3,939,214.
  • 1793, FRANCE became the first nation to implement a metric system.
    WHISKEY REBELLION BEGAN  
    • 1794, in protest of U-S taxes on spirits, the WHISKEY REBELLION began in four counties of western PENNSYLVANIA.


    “BATTLE OF THE NILE” 

  • 1798, 14 ships of the BRITISH fleet, commanded by SIR HORATIO NELSON, defeated the FRENCH in the “BATTLE OF THE NILE” at ABOUKIR BAY near the mouth of the NILE RIVER.
  • 1800, the “ACT OF UNION” merged GREAT BRITAIN and IRELAND to form the UNITED KINGDOM.
  • 1812, a tornado ripped into WESTCHESTER COUNTY in NEW YORK.
    NEW LONDON
    BRIDGE OPENED 
  • 1831, LONDON BRIDGE, north of the old bridge, opened to traffic over the THAMES RIVER.
  • 1855, CASTLE CLINTON in NEW YORK CITY opened as the first receiving station for immigrants.
  • 1861, BRAZIL opened diplomatic relations with the CONFEDERACY.
    “BATTLE OF
    FOLCK’S MILL 
  • 1864, CONFEDERATE cavalry were ambushed by UNION troops and local citizens at FOLCK’S MILL near CUMBERLAND, MARYLAND. The same day in ELGIN, ILLINOIS, the ELGIN WATCH COMPANY (aka the NATIONAL WATCH COMPANY) was founded.
    FRISCO’S FIRST CABLE CAR 
  • 1873, shortly after FIVE AM, ANDREW HALLIDIE successfully tested SAN FRANCISCO’S first cable car, which was guided along CLAY STREET by an underground cable.
    • 1876, COLORADO became the 38th state of the UNION.
    • 1893, HENRY PERKY and WILLIAM FORD received their patent for shredded wheat.

    COLORADO ADMISSION DAY  

    HARBOE AND SAMUELSON ROWING FEAT 
    • 1896, NORWEGIAN GEORGE HARBOE and his partner, GABRIEL SAMUELSON, arrived in ENGLAND, becoming the first to row the ATLANTIC from BATTERY PARK in NEW YORK CITY to LE HAVRE in FRANCE.
  • 1902, the UNITED STATES purchased from the FRENCH the rights to build the PANAMA CANAL.
  • 1906, the BROOKLYN DODGER’S HARRY MCINTIRE no-hit PITTSBURGH for ten and two-thirds innings, but lost in the 13th.
  • 1914, in WORLD WAR I as FRANCE began to mobilize, GERMANY, an ally to AUSTRIA- HUNGARY, declared war on RUSSIA, an ally to SERBIA. The same day, GERMAN troops attacked LUXEMBOURG; and neutral SWITZERLAND mobilized its army.
    VOLCANOES NATIONAL
    PARK ESTABLISHED 
  • 1916, CONGRESS established HAWAII VOLCANOES NATIONAL PARK.
  • 1917, union-organizer FRANK LITTLE was lynched in BUTTE, MONTANA.
  • 1918, the BRITISH occupied VLADIVOSTOK on RUSSIA’S PACIFIC coast.
  • 1920, the “PEACE OF RIGA” brought independence to LATVIA.
  • 1926, in BARCELONA, SPAIN, an attempted assassination of GENERAL PRIMO DE RIVERA failed.
  • 1933, pitcher CARL HUBBELL set a major-league record of 45-and-1/3 consecutive scoreless innings.
  • 1935, ALFRED HITCHCOCK released in the UNITED STATES his “THE 39 STEPS” — a thriller starring ROBERT DONAT and MADELEINE CARROLL.
    1936 NAZI OLYMPICS OPENED 
  • 1936, proclaiming NAZI superiority, GERMAN-dictator ADOLF HITLER opened the 11TH SUMMER OLYMPICS in BERLIN.
  • 1941, WILLYS OVERLAND produced its first JEEP.
  • 1942, a race riot broke out in HARLEM, NEW YORK.
    • 1944, the play “SCHOOL FOR BRIDES” opened at the ROYALE THEATRE in NEW YORK for a run of 375 performances.

     “SCHOOL FOR BRIDES” OPENED  

  • Also in 1944, riots broke out against the NAZIS in WARSAW, POLAND; and ANNE FRANK made her last diary entry. Three days later, the NAZIS arrested her.
  • 1945, the NEW YORK GIANTS’ MEL OTT pounded out his 500th career home run in a game against the BOSTON BRAVES. Also in 1945, a U-S “B-29” raid destroyed the city TOYAMA, JAPAN.
    “ATOMIC ENERGY ACT” SIGNED 
  • 1946, signing the “ATOMIC ENERGY ACT”, PRESIDENT TRUMAN established the AEC (ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION).
  • 1950, CONGRESS created the TERRITORY OF GUAM. The same day, the film-musical “AN AMERICAN IN PARIS”, starring GENE KELLY, began production.
  • 1953, to raise funds for education, CALIFORNIA introduced the sales tax. The same day, CUBAN police arrested FIDEL CASTRO.
  • 1954, LOUISON BOBET won his second TOUR DE FRANCE.
  • 1955, UNITED ARTISTS released the film-western “THE KENTUCKIAN”, starring BURT LANCASTER, DIANA LYNN, DIANNE FOSTER, WALTER MATTHAU, DONALD MACDONALD, JOHN MCINTIRE, UNA MERKEL, and JOHN CARRADINE.
  • 1957,the BRIDGERS AND PAXTON OFFICE BUILDING in ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO, became the first commercial structure to be heated and air-conditioned by the sun’s rays.
  • 1958, after 26 years at three cents, U-S first-class postage rose to four cents.
  • 1960, ARETHA FRANKLIN (“OVER THE RAINBOW”) made her first pop recordings. The same day, PARKWAY RECORDS released CHUBBY CHECKER’S version (AUDIO) of HANK BALLARD’S “THE TWIST”.
  • 1961, SIX FLAGS OVER TEXAS, the first of its genre, opened in ARLINGTON, TEXAS.
  • 1962, BILL MONBOQUETTE of the BOSTON RED SOX no-hit the CHICAGO WHITE SOX, 1-0.
  • 1964, “A HARD DAY’S NIGHT” by the BEATLES reached number one on the pop-singles charts. The same day in CALIFORNIA, a boating accident killed at 30 singer JOHNNY BURNETTE (“DREAMIN'”); and ROD STEWART’S group, THE STEAM PACKET, opened for the ROLLING STONES (“NOT FADE AWAY”) at the LONDON PALLADIUM.
    WHITMAN SNIPER ATTACK  
    • 1966, CHARLES WHITMAN’S sniper attack from atop the clock tower at the UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS killed 14 people, before he was mowed down by police guns. The same day, jazz-great BUD POWELL died at 42.


    NASA LAUNCHED
    “LUNAR ORBITER FIVE” 

  • 1967, NASA launched “LUNAR ORBITER FIVE”, which would enter the MOON’S orbit on AUGUST FIFTH.
  • 1968, CANADA began replacing the silver in its coins with nickel.
  • 1969, more than 100,000 fans attended the ATLANTIC CITY POP FESTIVAL, featuring artists like JEFFERSON AIRPLANE (“VOLUNTEERS”),SANTANA (“BLACK MAGIC WOMAN”), PROCUL HARUM (“CONQUISTADOR”), and JOE COCKER (“FEELIN’ ALRIGHT”). The same day in CHICAGO, the NEW YORK JETS beat the COLLEGE ALL-STARS, 26-24, to win the NFL ALL-STAR GAME.


    CONCERTS FOR BANGLA DESH  

  • Also in 1971, the “SONNY AND CHER COMEDY HOUR” (“WHAT NOW MY LOVE”) debuted on CBS TELEVISION; and PAUL ANKA (“MY HEART SINGS”)attended an ELVIS PRESLEY concert (“U-S MALE”) in LAKE TAHOE, NEVADA.
    WOODWARD & BERNSTEIN’S
    FIRST 
  • 1972, the “WASHINGTON POST” published the first CARL BERNSTEIN and BOB WOODWARD article about the WATERGATE SCANDAL — “BUG SUSPECT GOT CAMPAIGN FUNDS”.
  • 1973, UNIVERSAL released the GEORGE LUCAS film, “AMERICAN GRAFFITI”, starring RICHARD DREYFUSS, RON HOWARD, PAUL LE MAT, CHARLES MARTIN SMITH, CINDY WILLIAMS, CANDY CLARK, MACKENZIE PHILLIPS, WOLFMAN JACK (“CLAP FOR THE WOLFMAN”), BO HOPKINS, and HARRISON FORD.
    “HELSINKI ACCORDS” 
  • 1975, 35 nations signed the “HELSINKI ACCORDS”, guaranteeing national boundaries. The same day in CHICAGO, the PITTSBURGH STEELERS beat the COLLEGE ALL-STARS, 21-14, to win the NFL ALL-STAR GAME.
  • 1976, the 21ST OLYMPIC GAMES ended in MONTREAL, CANADA. The same day, actress ELIZABETH TAYLOR divorced actor RICHARD BURTON for the second time.
  • 1978, NEW YORK CITY’S “POOPER SCOOPER LAW” went into effect. The same day, the ATLANTA BRAVES ended PETE ROSE’S 44-game hitting streak, which had tied the NATIONAL LEAGUE record.
    MTV SIGNED ON  
    • 1981, MTV, the rock-video channel, premiered on cable television at 12:01 AM (EST).
  • Also in 1981, soap-opera star RICK SPRINGFIELD’S hit, “JESSIE’S GIRL”, reached number one on the pop-singles charts; and screenwriter PADDY CHAYEFSKY died at 58.
  • 1982, the NATIONAL BASEBALL HALL OF FAME inducted HANK AARON and FRANK ROBINSON. The same day, ISRAELI planes bombed BEIRUT, LEBANON.
  • 1984, shooting began on the film “THE NATURAL”, starring ROBERT REDFORD and GLENN CLOSE.
  • 1986, on his birthday, the GRATEFUL DEAD’S JERRY GARCIA (“SCARLET BEGONIAS”) left the hospital, after being in a coma for three weeks. The same day, BERT BLYLEVEN became the tenth major-league pitcher to strike out 3,000 batters; and tennis-star JOHN MCENROE wed actress TATUM O’NEAL.
  • 1987, MIKE TYSON became undisputed WORLD HEAVYWEIGHT BOXING CHAMPION with a 12-round decision over TONY TUCKER.
  • 1988, RUSH LIMBAUGH syndicated his talk show nationally.
  • 1990, IRAQ pulled out of negotiations with KUWAIT.
  • 1991, police in FLORIDA arrested actress HEDY LAMARR, 77, for shoplifting.
  • 1992, “SATURDAY TODAY” debuted on NBC TELEVISION.
    REGGIE JACKSON INDUCTED 
  • 1993, the BASEBALL HALL OF FAME inducted REGGIE JACKSON.
  • 1994, BALTIMORE ORIOLE infielder CAL RIPKEN, JR., played in his 2,000th consecutive game. The same day, the ROLLING STONES opened their “VOODOO LOUNGE” tour at RFK STADIUM in WASHINGTON, DC.
  • 1995, WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC agreed to takeover CBS TELEVISION for $5.4-billion.
    • 1996, M2, MTV’S second channel, debuted on cable television.

    M2 DEBUTED 

  • Also in 1996, MICHAEL JOHNSON captured an OLYMPIC gold medal and set a new world record (19.32 seconds) for the 200 meters.
  • 2001, after collapsing at the MINNESOTA VIKINGS’ training camp, football-player KOREY STRINGER died from heat stroke.
  • 2004, a supermarket fire in ASUNCIÓN, PARAGUAY, killed more than 200 people.
  • 2005, appointed by PRESIDENT GEORGE W. BUSH, JOHN BOLTON became the U-S ambassador to the UNITED NATIONS. The same day, with the death of KING FAHD, PRINCE ABDULLAH, the king’s half brother, became ruler of SAUDI ARABIA; and the BALTIMORE ORIOLES suspended first-baseman RAFAEL PALMEIRO for ten days, after he tested positive for steroid use.
    MINNEAPOLIS
    BRIDGE COLLAPSE 
  • 2007, in MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, the I-35W MISSISSIPPI RIVER BRIDGE suddenly collapsed during the afternoon rush hour, killing 13 people.
  • 2009, former PHILIPPINES PRESIDENT CORAZON AQUINO died at 76 in MANILA.

To see a complete list of other National days in the month of August check out this article August National Days Calendar.