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August 7 National Day

August 7 National Day Calendar with a complete list of holidays on the day August 7th.

 

 

    • 117 AD, ROMAN EMPEROR MARCUS TRAJAN died at 65.

    TRAJAN DIED  


    OTTO THE GREAT CROWNED  

    • 962 AD, crowned by POPE JOHN XII, OTTO I (THE GREAT) founded the HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE and became its emperor.
    • 1409, the COUNCIL OF PISA ended unable to resolve the “GREAT SCHISM” in the ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH.
    • 1573, FRANCIS DRAKE’S fleet returned to PLYMOUTH, ENGLAND.

    COUNCIL OF PISA ENDED  

  • 1588 (NS), ENGLISH fire ships scattered the SPANISH ARMADA, which had anchored at CALAIS. The next day brought the “BATTLE OF GRAVELINES”, and the beginning of the end of the SPANISH flotilla.
  • 1657, ENGLISH naval-hero ADMIRAL ROBERT BLAKE died at 57.ORDER OF THE
    PURPLE HEART FOUNDED 

     

  • 1782, at his NEWBURGH, NEW YORK, headquarters, GEORGE WASHINGTON devised and established the ORDER OF THE PURPLE HEART to honor those wounded in the REVOLUTIONARY WAR.
  • 1789, PRESIDENT WASHINGTON signed legislation which established the UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF WAR and the LIGHTHOUSE SERVICE.
  • 1802, NAPOLEON ordered the reinstatement of slavery on the FRENCH island of ST. DOMINGUE (HAITI).
  • 1807, the first practical steamboat, the “CLEREMONT”, began its first voyage.
  • 1819, the forces of SIMON BOLIVAR defeated the SPANISH in COLOMBIA at the “BATTLE OF BOYACÁ”. This led to COLOMBIAN independence.“BATTLE OF
    MOOREFIELD” 

     

  • 1864, CONFEDERATE cavalry, attempting a return to the SHENANDOAH VALLEY, were surprised and defeated by UNION horsemen at the “BATTLE OF MOOREFIELD” in WEST VIRGINIA.
  • 1882, in their ongoing feud, the HATFIELDS of WEST VIRGINIA skirmished with the MCCOYS of KENTUCKY.
  • 1884, GERMANY annexed SOUTHWEST AFRICA.
  • 1888, THEOPHILUS VAN KENNEL received a patent for the revolving door.

    TEDDY NOMINATED 

    • 1912, THEODORE ROOSEVELT became the presidential candidate of the PROGRESSIVE PARTY (aka the BULLMOOSE PARTY).
    • 1915, at GALLIPOLI, AUSTRALIAN troops suffered major losses while assaulting the TURKISH positions on RUSSELL’S TOP.
  • 1927, the PRINCE OF WALES and U-S VICE-PRESIDENT CHARLES DAWES dedicated the PEACE BRIDGE between BUFFALO, NEW YORK, and FORT ERIE, CANADA.
  • 1928, the TREASURY DEPARTMENT released one-third- smaller dollar bills.
  • 1929, BABE RUTH hit a grand-slam home run in a second consecutive game.
  • 1931, jazz-great LEON “BIX” BEIDERBECKE (“SINGIN’THE BLUES”) died
    at 29.

    • 1933, V-T HAMLIN’S comic-strip “ALLEY OOP” first appeared.
    • 1934, the UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS struck down a ban on JAMES JOYCE’S novel, “ULYSSES”.
     

    “ALLEY OOP” DEBUTED/
    SONG VIDEO
  • 1937, the BUNNY BERIGAN ORCHESTRA recorded “I CAN’T GET STARTED”for VICTOR RECORDS.
  • 1938, LEO DUROCHER hit the BROOKLYN DODGERS’ 2,000th home run. 

    BRITISH GUIANA STAMP SOLD  

    • 1940, the world’s most-valuable stamp, the “BRITISH GUIANA”, sold for $45,000. The stamp was later sold to convicted-murderer DAVID JOHN DUPONT for $1-million. The same day, BRITAIN recognized the government in exile of CHARLES DE GAULLE; and NAZI GERMAN annexed the ALSACE-LORRAINE..
  • 1941, COLUMBIA PICTURES released the film “HERE COMES MR. JORDAN”, starring ROBERT MONTGOMERY, EVELYN KEYES, CLAUDE RAINS, RITA JOHNSON, EDWARD EVERETT HORTON, and JAMES GLEASON.MARINES INVADED
    GUADALCANAL 

     

  • 1942, the MARINES invaded GUADALCANAL as AMERICA’S first land offensive in the PACIFIC theatre of WORLD WAR II began.
  • 1944, in WORLD WAR II, the U-S THIRD ARMY reached the outskirts of BREST in FRENCH BRITTANY. The same day in FRANCE, GERMANY’S counterattack at AVRANCHES failed.“KON TIKI” COMPLETED VOYAGE 

     

  • 1947, THOR HEYERDAHL completed his 4,300-mile journey, across the PACIFIC to POLYNESIA, aboard the “KON-TIKI”. The balsa raft scuttled on a coral reef in the TUAMOTU ISLANDS.
  • 1951, a U-S VIKING rocket attained an altitude of 210 kilometers — then a record.
  • 1952, driving “SHARP NOTE”, 74-year-old BION SHIVELY won harness racing’s HAMBLETONIAN STAKES in the third heat.

 

 
EASTERN “ELECTRA” INTRODUCED

  • 1953, EASTERN AIRLINES introduced its “ELECTRA” prop-jet, passenger service.
  • 1956, the BOSTON RED SOX fined TED WILLIAMS $5,000 for spitting at FENWAY PARK fans. The same day in CALI, COLOMBIA, seven army trucks, carrying dynamite, exploded, killing more than 1,000 people.
  • 1957, singer PAUL ANKA (“DIANA”) made his television debut on “AMERICAN BANDSTAND”. The same day, OLIVER HARDY of the LAUREL and HARDY team died at 65; and COLUMBIA released the film-western “3:10 TO YUMA”, starring GLENN FORD, VAN HEFLIN, FELICIA FARR, LEORA DANA, HENRY JONES, and RICHARD JAECKEL.
  • 1959, the AMERICAN space-probe “EXPLORER SIX” relayed back the first pictures of the entire EARTH taken from space.
  • 1960, the IVORY COAST gained its independence from FRANCE.
  • 1961, as cosmonaut GHERMAN TITOV circled the EARTH, aboard “VOSTOK TWO”, SOVIET-leader NIKITA KHRUSHCEV predicted the SOVIET UNION’S economy would surpass that of the UNITED STATES.
  • 1963, AMERICAN INTERNATIONAL released “BEACH PARTY”, the first “beach-blanket” film, starring ROBERT CUMMINGS, DOROTHY MALONE, FRANKIE AVALON (“WHY?”), ANNETTE FUNICELLO (“TALL PAUL”), PETER FALK, MEREDITH MACRAE, VINCENT PRICE, and with music by DICK DALE AND THE DEL-TONES (“MISIRILOU”).“GULF OF TONKIN” RESOLUTION” 
  • 1964, after the NORTH VIETNAMESE attack on the “USS MADDOX”, CONGRESS passed the “GULF OF TONKIN RESOLUTION”, authorizing escalation of AMERICA’S military role in VIETNAM. The same day in CHICAGO, the CHICAGO BEARS beat the COLLEGE ALL-STARS, 28-17, to win the NFL ALL-STAR GAME.
  • 1965, the novelty-recording “I’M HENRY THE VIII, I AM” by HERMAN’S HERMITS became the nation’s number one single. The same day, the TURTLES released their version (AUDIO) of the BOB DYLAN song, “IT AIN’T ME, BABE” on WHITE WHALE RECORDS; and MIKE SMITH, the lead singer for the DAVE CLARK FIVE, broke two ribs when excited fans pulled him off stage during a concert in CHICAGO.
  • 1966, bandleader XAVIER CUGAT (“PERFIDIA”) married singer CHARO (VIDEO).
  • 1969, orchestra-leader RUSS MORGAN (“CRUISING DOWN THE RIVER”) died at 65.
  • 1970, CHRISTINE MCVIE (“GOT A HOLD ON ME”) became a member of FLEETWOOD MAC (SELF-TITLED ALBUM).
  • 1971, the BEE GEES’ “HOW CAN YOU MEND A BROKEN HEART” reached the number-one slot on the nation’s pop-single charts.YOGI BERRA INDUCTED 
  • 1972, the BASEBALL HALL OF FAME inducted YOGI BERRA, SANDY KOUFAX, LEFTY GOMEZ, and EARLY WYNN.
  • 1974, FRANCE’S PHILLIPE PETIT walked a tightrope between the two towers of NEW YORK’S WORLD TRADE CENTER. The same day, actress FAYE DUNAWAY married PETER WOLF (“LIGHTS OUT”)of the J. GEILS BAND (“CENTERFOLD”).
  • 1976, NASA’S “VIKING TWO” entered orbit around the planet MARS.
  • 1977, the musical “SHENANDOAH” closed at the MARK HELLINGER THEATRE in NEW YORK after a run of 1,050 performances.
  • 1978, the NATIONAL BASEBALL HALL OF FAME inducted EDDIE MATHEWS, ADDIE JOSS, and LARRY MACPHAIL.
  • 1979, the film-comedy “MEATBALLS”, starring BILL MURRAY, began shooting.
  • 1981, in the nation’s capital, the “WASHINGTON STAR”, after 128 years of service, published its last edition.
  • 1983, the musical “MERLIN” closed at the MARK HELLINGER THEATRE in NEW YORK after a run of 199 performances. The same day, golfer HAL SUTTON, with a 274, won the 65TH PGA CHAMPIONSHIP in LOS ANGELES.

    “HURLYBURLY” OPENED  

    • 1984, the play “HURLYBURLY”, starring WILLIAM HURT and JUDITH IVEY, opened at the ETHEL BARRYMORE THEATRE in NEW YORK for a run 343 performances.
  • Also in 1984, in OLYMPIC baseball, JAPAN beat the UNITED STATES to win the gold medal; singer ESTHER PHILLIPS (“WHAT A DIFFERENCE A DAY MAKES”) died at 48; and JIM DESHALES became the 1,000th player to be a member of the NEW YORK YANKEES.
  • 1986, a lawsuit brought against rock-star OZZY OSBOURNE (“SUICIDE SOLUTION”). by a couple who claimed his music had caused their teenage son to commit suicide, was dismissed by a LOS ANGELES judge.
  • 1988, in HOLLYWOOD, the WRITERS GUILD ended its six-month strike.
  • 1991, a federal court ruled that PANAMANIAN MANUEL NORIEGA could access secret U-S documents, if pertaining to his drug trial.“UNFORGIVEN” RELEASED 
  • 1992, WARNER BROTHERS released the film “UNFORGIVEN”, starring CLINT EASTWOOD, GENE HACKMAN, MORGAN FREEMAN, and RICHARD HARRIS. The same day, the ocean-liner “QUEEN ELIZABETH II” ran aground off NEW ENGLAND’S southern coast; and AMERICAN JENNIFER CAPRIATI captured the OLYMPIC gold medal in women’s tennis by upsetting GERMANY’S STEFFI GRAF, 3-6, 6-3, 6-4.
  • 1994, the first telephone link between ISRAEL and JORDAN was completed.
  • 1996, the INTERNET-provider AMERICA ON LINE crashed, stranding more than 6-million customers for nearly 19 hours.

    BROOKS IN CENTRAL PARK  


    KENYA AND TANZANIA BOMBINGS 

    • 1998, terrorist bombings at AMERICAN embassies in KENYA and TANZANIA crushed buildings, trapping people under piles of concrete and twisted steel. 224 were killed and more than 5,000 were injured.
    • 2000, DEMOCRATIC presidential-candidate AL GORE selected his running mate — CONNECTICUT SENATOR JOSEPH LIEBERMAN.
  • 2003, the OSMONDS (“CRAZY HORSES”) received their star on HOLLYWOOD’S WALK OF FAME.
  • 2004, with an 8-4 victory over the SAN FRANCISCO GIANTS, the CHICAGO CUBS’ GREG MADDUX became the 22nd major-league pitcher to achieve 300 victories. The same day, oil-fire fighter PAUL “RED ADAIR” died at 89 in HOUSTON, TEXAS.
  • 2005, a BRITISH remotely-operated vehicle rescued a sunken, RUSSIAN mini-sub (“AS-28”) and its seven crew member. The same day, former news-anchor PETER JENNINGS died at 57 in BRIDGEHAMPTON, NEW YORK.
  • 2007, the SAN FRANCISCO GIANTS’ BARRY BONDS, hitting his 756th home run, broke HENRY “HANK” AARON’S major-league career record. The same day, LOS ANGELES news-anchor HAL FISHMAN died at 75 in the CITY OF LIGHTS.
  • 2011, former-senator MARK HATFIELD died at 89 in PORTLAND, OREGON.

To see a complete list of other National days in the month of August check out this article August National Days Calendar.